Ajman, United Arab Emirates


Emirate of Ajman was and still is known as a home for safety. This charming emirate is the smallest emirate of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), measuring about 259sq. km. which is about 0.3 per cent of the UAE's area without the islands. Ajman has a few sandy beaches but is mainly characterised by the rugged Hajjar mountain range. Although Ajman city is modern and provides up-to-date services and facilities, it reflects its traditional charm.

The emirate includes the cities of Musfout and Manama, as well as the city of Ajman, which is the capital of the headquarters of the Governor's Office and the headquarters of the departments and government institutions.

Within three decades, Ajman has been able to be the investment front in the region, opening a window to the world through trade and industry and supporting investors with a set of laws and regulations to achieve the vision of wise leadership.


Ajman's history goes back in time to 1800 and the historical records narrate that. The emirate was established by Al Naim tribe who took the land as a permanent residence and began to look for natural resources to help them settle in conveniently.

The land offered them a chain of choices such as fishing, diving, and farming, and that provided them with a handful of cash to be invested in small businesses of handmade personal stuff such as dresses, blankets, tents making among other unsophisticated professions.

Ajman was the region’s biggest boat building centre, with many of the thousands of dhows that sailed through the Arabian Gulf constructed in its shipyards, using skills passed down through the generations.

The rise of British naval power in the Arabian Gulf in the mid-18th century brought them into conflict with the Qawasim tribe of Sharjah, who launched attacks on British ships. As a result, the British dubbed the area the ‘Pirate Coast’ and launched raids against the Qawasim. In 1820, the former ruler of Ajman Shaikh Rashid Bin Al Nuaimi signed a general maritime agreement with Britain that confirmed the protectorate status of the emirate to keep the Ottoman Turks out.

Merchants started flowing into the emirate from 1900 and most of them began to inhabit it which had caused an increase in the population of Ajman.

The number of people who headed to the emirate observably increased in 1950 when the Crown Prince of that time Shaikh Rashid Bin Humaid Al Nuaimi got in charge of the national affairs; and the decade from 1950 to 1960 was locally known as the remarkable makeover of the emirate's history and subsequently announced the birth of the modern Ajman.

Britain withdrew from the region in 1968 and the ruling sheikhs realised that by uniting forces they would have a stronger voice in the wider Middle East region. The federation of the United Arab Emirates was born in 1971 comprising the emirates of Ajman, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain and, in 1972, Ras Al Khaimah.

The reign of the former Shaikh Rashid Bin Humaid Al Nuaimi lasted 53 years, from 1928 to 1981. The future of the emirate was officially handed over to the Crown Prince, the current ruler of the emirate, Shaikh Humaid in 1981. Ajman is very famous for its heritage and culture and the government has paid a lot of attention to keep it preserved forever in bid to educate the coming generations about their past.


It is located within the Northern Emirates overlooking the Arabian Gulf and the middle of the Emirate of Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. It covers an area of 260 square kilometers. To 600 km, and is home to some 95% of the emirate's population.

The emirate is composed of three regions: the town of Ajman, which includes the commercial district; Masfut, an agricultural area in the southeastern mountainous portion of the emirate; and Manama in the eastern portion of the emirate.

The city and main territory of Ajman is bordered to the landward side by Sharjah, while Manama shares borders with Sharjah and Fujairah. Masfut borders Oman, Dubai (the village and exclave of Hatta) and Ras Al Khaimah.


The sun and blue sky throughout the year and at moderate temperature (10 degrees - 30 degrees) during the winter. While the summer is hot and wet especially in July and August (35 degrees - 42 degrees.


The census book 'Ajman in Figures 2011' issued by the Secretariat General of the Executive Council of the emirate of Ajman estimated the population at about 262,186. 16 per cent of them are Emiratis.

According to Federal Competitiveness and Statistics Authority, the estimated population of UAE nationals as of 2010 in the emirate of Ajman was:

Males: 21,600

Females: 20,586

Total: 42,18


The Emirate of Ajman is ruled by H. H. Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashid Al Nuaimi. As the 10th ruler of the emirate of Ajman, he succeeded his late father H. H. Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi on 6 September 1981.

Sheik Humaid received his early education in Dubai in 1940 before proceeding to Cairo, Egypt, to continue his higher education. Soon after, he became involved in the political affairs of the emirate and became the Deputy Ruler of Ajman. He held this position from 1960 to 1981. His directions have led to massive development and a construction boom in Ajman in the recent years.


The Government of the emirate plays an active role in directing economic development, determining its path, vision, objectives and provides all the facilities and incentives to encourage investment and attract investors.

Ajman is known for its low relative cost, a free zone that provides incentive and grants concession and exemptions and quality services at competitive prices. Investment realized an annual average rate of 10% during the period 2001 - 2013.

Growth of Ajman has a witnessed economic boom that fostered all economic sectors, the emirate’s GDP grew at an annual average rate of 11% during the period 2001 - 2013. The economy of the emirate of Ajman is composed of a range of key sectors that include by the manufacturing sector with a relative contribution of 35% to GDP during the year 2013, followed by the construction sector, (15%,) the wholesale and retail trade and repairing services (13%), real estate and business services (11%) and the transport, storage and communications sector (6%).

The emirate’s exports, including re-export recorded a high growth rate of 53% during the second quarter of 2014. Ajman vision 2021 has set the future directions for the development of the emirate in line with the vision of the United Arab Emirates 2021 and based on the realization of sustainable development. Ajman vision has targeted five strategic sectors, namely: industry, tourism, transport and logistics, outsourcing and the media industry.


The importance of education in Ajman's economy is highlighted as one of the most important pillars of the industry of new generations that can continue to give and take the path of development and development pursued by the Emirate of Ajman. In this regard, the Emirate is paying particular attention to the education sector, as evidenced by the clear growth in the number of schools, bodies and educational staff.

Ajman has 42 public schools and 21 private schools, spread among 17 male schools, 17 girls' schools and 29 mixed schools, serving some 75,000 students.

The Emirate of Ajman includes Ajman University of Science and Technology and Priston University, which play a prominent role in the graduation of a large number of human resources into the labor market, to contribute to the development of the wheel of development in the emirate.

  • Higher Education in Ajman

The effective start of the higher education sector began in Ajman in 1988 when His Highness Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi, Member of the Supreme Council of the Union - Ruler of the Emirate - issued Amiri Decree No. 4/88 establishing the Ajman College of Science and Technology. In 1994, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, with the approval of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, was appointed to the Ajman University of Science and Technology.

The University currently has a number of faculties and majors that have reached 21 disciplines of scientific, technical, human and social knowledge, and has recently developed eight new disciplines, including pharmacy, architecture, design, decoration, education techniques, public relations and communication. Massages, orthodontics, and herbal remedies.

The Gulf Medical College was recently opened in Ajman, one of the leading colleges in the field of medical sciences. It has graduated doctors and specialists in all medical fields and is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment, laboratories, scientific laboratories and an educational hospital. The College of Gulf Cooperation in Ajman was also opened, specializing in administrative sciences and postgraduate studies.


The health sector in the Emirate of Ajman has witnessed a remarkable development recently, supported by ongoing government efforts to cater to the continued population growth in the emirate.

Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Hospital is the newest hospital in Ajman and equipped with the latest equipment and medical equipment. Followed by the Kuwaiti Hospital and GMC Hospital of the Gulf Medical College, which was inaugurated under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi with the latest equipment and elite doctors.

The clinics include Musheirif Health Center, School Health, Musheirf Clinic, Ajman Medical Clinic, Al-Shorouq Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Emirates Special Clinic, Obesity and Thinness Center and other clinics located in each district of the Emirate.


Ajman is perhaps best known for its cultural attractions. The magical beaches of Ajman with their fresh air, peaceful environment and clean water provide various marine activities that attract many sea lovers.

Places of interest

Ajman Museum: opened on 2 December 2012, is located in Al Mareer Fort, which was originally built during the reign of Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi (1873 – 1891). A yard overlooks seven rooms and a well. The fort is surrounded by palm trees irrigated by the old Manama Falaj.

Masfout Castle: Built with stones, mud and local timber, Masfout Castle consists of two rooms and a gate. The tower-shaped castle was restored in the late 1940s at the behest of the late Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi.

Masfout Gate: Masfout Gate serves as the main entrance to the appealing enclave of Masfout, nestled in the Hajar Mountains. Commissioned by the late Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi in 1961, Masfout Gate has two stone pillars connected by a sign featuring Arabic script. The sign greets visitors as they enter the city and bids them farewell as they leave.

The Red Fort: was built during Sheikh Humaid bin Abdul Aziz Al Nuaimi (1910-1928), and consists of four rooms in two towers. The fort was restored in 1986 and a third tower was added to the two older towers. Gravel and red plaster were used in the construction of the walls of the fort and hence it was named the Red Fort. Sandalwood was used in the beams and supports for the construction of the roofs.

Shopping Malls in Ajman

City Centre Ajman: is famous for being the place ‘where you love to shop’. As the ultimate shopping mall of Ajman, City Centre Ajman offers a wide array of mid-market popular fashion shops inclusive of several kids fashion brands as well. Best offers from your favourite electronics stores, cosmetic brands, toy stores, plus our hypermarket, Carrefour, will all leave you spoilt for choice! Visit City Centre Ajman and enjoy your shopping.

Ajman China Mall: is also called Chinese Merchandise Procurement Center in the M.E., located in Ajman, UAE. The main business of Ajman China Mall is the wholesale of general merchandise, hardware, appliances, furniture and pretty commodities. With the occupied area of 280,000㎡ and the operating area of 100,000㎡, 120 million dollars are invested on the project by both China and UAE. At the end of 2010, the project was opened. Thirteen pavilions were built in Phase One, with 7,000㎡each. Eight shops in the front, five warehouses in the back, in the middle, there are offices and logistics. Ajman China Mall project has got great support from the government of both China and UAE, which was taken in the “going out” strategy paper by the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade in 2010.

Safeer Mall: is a shopping center spread over 220 thousand square feet and includes a hypermarket, department stores (Eternity Style, Shoes 4 Us), money exchanges, restaurants (Subway, Southern Fried Chicken) and a family entertainment center (Jungle Bungle), in addition to having over 450 car parks.

Grand Centrale: Apparel Group launches its first community centre in the UAE - Grand Centrale located at University Street Ajman. Spanning across 59,228 square feet of retail space and spread across three levels, this edifice offers the convenience of a neighborhood shopping centre, with the variety that comes with big malls. Grand Centrale encompasses a wide selection of brands and categories in a compact, shopping-focused format offering outstanding value for money. It has an Open Store concept and houses a number of Apparel Group brands; Athlete’s Co., Aldo, Aldo Accessories, All About Watches, Baby Centre, Bottega Verde, Call It Spring, Cold Stone Creamery, Dollar Plus, Glossip, Inglot, Nine West, R&B, Shoe Studio, Skechers, and Tim Hortons are all part of this vibrant structure.

Nour Al Kawthar Mall: The NK mall, the newest shopping mall in city of AJMAN, Brings entertainment and shopping to the next Levels Strategically located in al HIMIDIA road, local residents of Ajman with a population of 450.000 and residents from neighboring cities can enjoy convenient shopping because of its accessibility, not to mention the wide parking area that provides approximately 500 car-park spaces.

NK Mall: has a total Built-up area of 14.000 square meters comprised of 2 levels of great sopping, leisure and entertainment. The mezzanine floor is provided with tables for rest, and wide parks with roofed outer pathways and tourists can enjoy comfortable shopping in the long air-conditioned pathways of the mall. N.K mall consists of 90 shops for retail trading; and 2,500sq meter as Hypermarket, 10 showrooms, and food court and play area.

Dana Mall: Dana Mall Ajman caters a wide range of supreme and attractive stores with famous brands in the UAE, which respond perfectly to shopper’s needs and desire in obtaining the best products and services for unbeatable prices.

Major Cities Of Ajman

  1. Ajman city - It comprises the Ruler's office, companies, banks and commercial markets in addition to the Ajman port, which is located on the natural valley, which passes through the city.
  2. Al Manamah city - It is about 60km. from Ajman and is known for its valleys and high mountains, which are rich in magnesium, chromate and rocks.
  3. Masfout city - It is about 110km. to the southeast and is known for agriculture, mountains such as Dafta and Leshan, and wide valleys such as Ghalfa.

Arts and Culture

The emirate of Ajman has many areas that appeal to the lovers of civilization, history and innovative architectural designs created by the minds of our ancestors to conquer challenges, especially heat and humidity.

The Department of Tourism Development of the Government of Ajman administers the historical heritage and preserves it through an advanced system of work that takes care of the maintenance of this heritage and its sustainability to appear as left by the fathers.

Ajman Museum is located in the heart of Ajman. Relax and stroll through the museum through the virtual tour:

Red Fort: It was built in 1910 and is located in the city of Manama.

Fort Al-Marir: It is located in Manama and dates back to the time of the late Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid (1928-1981).

The Pebble Fortress: Located in the city of Safwat, it was built in 1976.

Masfout Castle: Located in the city of Safwat where it was built in 1965.

Mosque of the Village: The "Mosque of Ben Sultan" was built in 1815 in Safwat, from palm fronds and red mud.


The Ajman Public Transport Establishment, established in 2005, is the authority to set laws and regulations on transport services and is responsible for granting franchises to service providers.


They are really easy to find and are easy to get around. The APTA chairman said there were 1,600 taxis operated by four companies in Ajman (Al-Raha, Cars, Speed Trans, Arabian Taxi). The basic tariff is Dh10, during the day and evening base fare is at Dh4.


Ajman offers a range of convenient buses from and to the rest of the UAE cities with a relatively low tariff so relax and enjoy during your trip.


The official language of the UAE is Arabic, but English is widely spoken and understood, with both languages being commonly used in business and commerce.


The official currency in Ajman is named Dirham (or United Arab Emirates Dirham; AED). The Dirham (AED) is abbreviated as DH or Dhs. It is not the currency of Ajman only, but also other emirates including Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Fujairah, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm-Al-Quwain.

The most common notes in circulation are the 100 Dh, 50 Dh, 20 Dh, 10 Dh and 5 Dh note although there are three other less commonly used notes – 200 Dh, 500 Dh and 1000 Dh notes. 1 Dh = 100 fils and coins are available in 25 fils, 50 fils and 1 Dh denominations.

Dollars is widely accepted in Ajman and the major credit cards such as American Express, Diner’s Club, Visa and MasterCard are acceptable throughout Ajman. ATMs can be found across the UAE in malls, hotels and gas stations. ATMs accept foreign credit and debit cards including Switch, Maestro, Cirrus, Union Pay, Visa and MasterCard.